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  • Writer's pictureLaFace Flooring, LLC

What Are Porcelain Tiles Made Of?

Updated: Jun 13

Porcelain Bathroom Tile

Porcelain tiles are popular for their durability, water resistance, and stylish look. They’re commonly used in kitchens, bathrooms, and other areas in homes and businesses. So, what are porcelain tiles made of? Let's break it down.


Main Ingredients of Porcelain Tiles


The primary ingredients in porcelain tiles are sand, clay, and a few other natural minerals. The key type of clay used is called kaolin, which is very pure and contains a lot of silica. This makes the tiles strong and long-lasting.

Porcelain Wall Tile


How Are Porcelain Tiles Made?

1. Mixing the Materials: First, sand, clay, and minerals are mixed into a fine powder. This mix determines the tile's final color, texture, and strength.


2. Forming the Tiles: The mixture is then pressed into tile shapes under high pressure. This makes the tiles dense and compact, reducing their porosity and making them more water-resistant.


3. Drying the Tiles: After forming, the tiles are dried to remove moisture. This step is crucial to prevent cracking or warping during the next phase.


4. Firing the Tiles: The dried tiles are fired in a kiln at extremely high temperatures, between 2,192 and 2,552 degrees Fehrenheit. This process, called vitrification, turns the tiles into a hard, glass-like surface that is tough and water-resistant.


5. Glazing the Tiles (optional): Some porcelain tiles get an extra layer of glaze. This is a liquid glass that is applied to the surface and then fired again. The glaze adds color, texture, and extra protection against stains and scratches.

Porcelain Bathroom Tiles

Benefits of Porcelain Tiles


Because of their manufacturing process, porcelain tiles have several excellent qualities:

  • Durability: The high firing temperatures make them extremely strong and long-lasting.

  • Water Resistance: The dense structure means they absorb very little water, making them perfect for wet areas like bathrooms and kitchens.

  • Versatile Designs: They come in many colors, textures, and finishes, so they can look like natural stone, wood, or other materials.

Porcelain Tiles


Porcelain tiles are a great choice for various areas in your home or business. They combine natural materials with advanced technology to create a product that is both beautiful and durable. Whether you're considering new flooring, a backsplash, or countertops, porcelain tiles are a smart and stylish option.


If you’re looking for durable, water-resistant, and stylish tiles, consider porcelain tiles for your next project.

The experts at LaFace Flooring, LLC can help you with all your flooring needs. Contact us today to review and estimate your project.

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